Mastering the Javascript event system (Part 2)

This is the second post in a series about working with Javascript events and using just one event listener to handle related elements. Be sure to read through Part 1 first. works great with events like focusin and change, where there are only a small number of elements that can receive focus or have input changed.

However, usually you want to listen for click events so you can respond to a user clicking on a button in your application. click events fire for any element in your document, from large <div>s to small <span>s.

As a reminder, we’re making a navigation element with a few interactive links. Let’s make a variant where parts of the links are bold.

    <a href="#first"><strong>First</strong> link.</a>
    <a href="#second"><strong>Second</strong> link.</a>
    <a href="#third"><strong>Third</strong> link.</a>

Let’s change our Javascript code from before to respond to clicks rather than keyboard focus.

const print = evt => {
    const text =;

document.querySelector('nav').addEventListener('click', print);

When you test this code, you may notice that when you click on a link, undefined is printed instead of a #first, #second or #third.

The reason that it doesn’t work is that each link contains a <strong> element which can be clicked instead of the <a> element. Since <strong> is not a link, the property is undefined.

We only care about the link elements for our code. If we click somewhere inside a link element, we need to find the parent link. We can use element.closest() to find the parent closest to the clicked element.

const print = evt => {
    let element ='a');
    if (element != null) {
        const text = element.href;

Now we can use a single listener for click events! If element.closest() returns null, that means the user clicked somewhere outside of a link and we should ignore the event.

Now that you’ve seen how to handle a variety of events with a single event listener, check out some additional examples of using a single event listener in the next post.

Next in the series: Extra examples addendum